Frankliniella insularis browse species thrips of california. Company profile book publishing journal publishing innovations. Pdf frankliniella intonsa trybom, a thrips species. Bulletin of taichung district agricultural improvement station, no. An increasing problem is the emergence of tswv resistancebreaking strains that overcome the resistance genes in pepper and tomato. The probable morphologic relationships with the mexican frankliniella desertileonidum watson species assemblage, and in a minor grade with the f. State key laboratory for biology of plant disease and insect pests, institute of plant.
Nakahara s 1997 annotated list of the frankliniella species of the world yhysanoptera. Journal of berry research volume 4, issue 4 journals. Studies on the ecology and control of flower thrips. Thripidae are sympatric thrips species found on many flowering plants, making them. The appearance of frankliniella occidentalis pergande in hungary. Biology, speciation, and utilization of peanut species.
Surveys in a white clover field from 198185 showed that the adults occurred from the beginning of may to the end of november. Comparison of life history parameters of two frankliniella. Frankliniella bispinosa morgan florida flower thrips distribution. This variation is reflected in the large number of subspecies names listed under intonsa. Sterling, amelia chiles, georgina cullman, 2008 online research library. Frankliniella argentinae moulton, 1935 frankliniella cestrum moulton, 1926 homonyms frankliniella australis morgan, 1925 bibliographic references.
Frankliniella species from china, with nomenclatural changes and. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in biskra algeria. When you are speaking please look at the polycom camera. Karny erected the genus frankliniella and included some species from the genus euthrips karny, 1910. Hostparasite interaction between frankliniella intonsa, western. This page was last edited on 14 september 2017, at 19. Frankliniella occidentalis wikibooks, open books for an. Development is synchronized with larval development of the host and is faster on wft than on f. An evaluation of frankliniella occidentalis thysanoptera. Centre for plant protection studies department of agricultural entomology tamil nadu agricultural university coimbatore, tamil nadu641 003 ssnaik, ph. The western flower thrips frankliniella occidentalis pergande is an invasive pest insect in agriculture. Journal of plant protection research pan czytelnia czasopism. Western flower thrips wft, frankliniella occidentalis pergande, is a highly invasive pest, infesting many species of plants worldwide, but few studies have investigated the visual and olfactory cues associated with their foraging behaviors. Pcrrflp method to distinguish frankliniella occidentalis, frankliniella intonsa, frankliniella pallida and frankliniella tenuicornis article pdf available january 2016 with 121 reads.
Jun 20, 2017 thrips as insect vectors for the plant pathogensssnaik tnau 1. Polycom etiquette turn off your microphone, unless you are speaking. We can see you when your microphone is in the off mode. A nyugati viragtripsz frankliniella occidentalis pergande megjelenese magyarorszagon. It is speculated that in mango ecosystems, weeds provide refuge to thrips and removing weeds benefits thrips control in mango orchards during the flowering period. Scarabaeinae from china, with description of a new species. This species of thrips is native to the southwestern united states but has spread to other continents, including europe, australia where it was identified in may 1993, and south america via transport of infested plant material. Frankliniella occidentalis pergande and frankliniella intonsa trybom both thysanoptera. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Liliana vasiliuoromulu at institute of biology bucharest, romanian academy. General information about frankliniella insularis franis eppo global database.
First record of the species frankliniella intonsa and thrips flavus. Frankliniella invasor, new species, and notes on f. Sep 11, 2018 the flower thrips frankliniella intonsa trybom is one of the most important thrips species affecting the yield and market value of cowpea in china 4. Recently, the native species frankliniella intonsa trybom thysanoptera. Crawford have a complete comb in the posterior margin of tergite viii. Nov 20, 2019 seasonal occurrence and damage of flower thrips, frankliniella intonsa trybom on field garden pea in central hokkaido. Since the introduction of frankliniella occidentalis in europe, tomato spotted wilt virus tswv has become one of the limiting factors for vegetable crops such as tomato, pepper, and lettuce. Nakahara s 1997 annotated list of the frankliniella species of the world thysanoptera. The beijing forest insect atlas i, the beijing forest insect atlas i,it briefly introduced the basic knowledge of forest insect pests, such as native trees with more insects living on, the periodic. Thripidae has been found to be regionally dominant over its invasive congener frankliniella occidentalis pergande thysanoptera. Thrips as insect vectors for the plant pathogensssnaik tnau.
Three vector strains with distinct competences for tomato spotted. Frankliniella schultzei trybom and frankliniella intonsa trybom. Frankliniella occidentalis an overview sciencedirect topics. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available.
Frankliniella, species assemblages in intonsa group 52 separation of these assemblages from the rest in the intonsa group. Although efficient transmission can be achieved by mechanical inoculation under laboratory conditions, transmission of tswv and other tospoviruses under natural conditions occurs through thrips vectoring genera thrips and frankliniella in the family thysanoptera in a persistent, circulative. Three vector strains with distinct competences for tomato spotted wilt virus tswv transmission were investigated, including an artificially selected strain tsh that has a particularly high competence 90 %. Pdf frankliniella species from china, with nomenclatural.
The omnivorous thrips, frankliniella occidentalis switches from phytophagy on cotton to predation on spider mites on cotton in response to induction of secondary metabolites in the plant agrawal et al. Interference and exploitation competition between frankliniella. Hostparasite interaction between frankliniella intonsa, western flower thrips and ceranisus menes hymenoptera. Western flower thrips wft, frankliniella occidentalis pergande, is a highly invasive pest, infesting many species of plants worldwide, but few studies have investigated the visual and olfactory cues. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Annual report of the society of plant protection of north japan, 47. Frankliniella insularis recognition data distinguishing features. Information is given on the geographical distribution in. A new distribution map is provided for frankliniella intonsa trybom thysanoptera. Population development of frankliniella occidentalis and. There is a marked variation in pupal duration of c. Attraction effect of different colored cards on thrips. Tomato chlorotic spot virus, frankliniella occidentalis, f.
Ephydridae, casemaking consumers of diatoms on shorelines volume 109, page 125 a key to species of the genus caccobius thomson coleoptera. Of the approximately 5,000 species so far identified, only a few hundred are crop pests, causing serious damage or. Behavioral responses of western flower thrips frankliniella. Thrips as insect vectors for the plant pathogensssnaik tnau 1. Apr 01, 2010 western flower thrips, frankliniella occidentalis pergande, is a major pest of horticultural crops worldwide robb 1989, martin and workman 1994, parrella 1995, rijn et al. Body and legs dark brown, fore tibiae and all tarsi largely yellow. In this study, the distance traveled by wft to locate yellow cards using only visual cues and visual cues plus olfactory cues was studied first. The omnivorous thrips, frankliniella occidentalis switches from phytophagy on cotton to predation on spider mites on cotton in response to induction of secondary metabolites in the plant agrawal et. Insects free fulltext assessment of chrysoperla comanche. Jan 24, 20 the vector competence of frankliniella occidentalis for chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus csnv was evaluated. Frankliniella occidentalis, the western flower thrips, is a representative of the order thysanoptera.
Parasitoids as biological control agents of thrips pests. The biology, natural enemies and control of frankliniella intonsa were studied in the field and laboratory in japan. Hood 1914 designated frankliniella intonsa trybom as the type species of the genus frankliniella. Thysanoptera species frankliniella intonsa and thrips tabaci were previously. To compare the performance of frankliniella occidentalis pergande and native frankliniella intonsa trybom on cucumber and tomato leaves in laboratory, life history characters were investigated, and life tables were constructed using the method of agestage, twosex table life.
There are more than 160 species listed in the genus frankliniella which can make correct identification difficult and require microscopic examination. The dominant thrips species were thrips major, thrips atratus, thrips vulgatissimus and frankliniella intonsa. Cell phones can interfere with the polycom, even on vibrate. Thrips numbers in the beating tray samples correlated with thrips damage to berries. The life history of the endoparasitoid, ceranisus menes walker hymenoptera. Hostparasite interaction between frankliniella intonsa. The beijing forest insect atlas i, the beijing forest insect atlas i,it briefly introduced the basic knowledge of forest insect pests, such as native trees with more insects living on, the periodic outbreaks of some herbivorous in,all books from china,especially scientific and academic books,export chinese and english version books to libraries and book stores over the world,china. Thysanoptera thrips, one of most economically important. Frankliniella gossypiana browse species thrips of california. They correspond to an evaluation of the biological importance of the host plant for the pest. Currently 230 species are listed in the genus frankliniella, with up to further names placed into synonymy nakahara, 1997. Two of these seven are clearly native to palearctic, f.
Thripidae from argentina with a key to species from argentina and chile. Species composition and distribution of thrips thysanoptera. Frankliniella occidentalis pergande and frankliniella intonsa trybom are sympatric pests of many greenhouse and field crops in korea. Species of the genus frankliniella are almost all originally from the new world. Aside from damage due to feeding, its ability to act as a vector for viruses makes. The beijing forest insect atlas i, china scientific book. However, tomato production is severely affected by diseases and pests. This insect order is composed exclusively of tiny insects commonly called thrips, and includes more than 7,000 species. Frankliniella species from china, with nomenclatural changes and illustrated key thysanoptera, thripidae. Frankliniella insularis franisoverview eppo global database.
Species with this type of biology are effectively preadapted to become crop pests. Eulophidae was studied in the laboratory on frankliniella intonsa and western flower thrips wft. Life history characteristics of frankliniella occidentalis. They correspond to an evaluation of the biological importance of the host plant for the pest concerned, together with the economic importance of this plant for the eppo region. Currently 230 species are listed in frankliniella, with up to further names placed into synonymy nakahara, 1997. Frankliniella occidentalis is the most economicallyimportant agronomic pest worldwide within thysanoptera because it is a direct pest and an efficient vector of plant pathogenic viruses. We tested the predatory capacity of newlyhatched or newlymolted chrysoperla comanche banks and chrysoperla externa hagen larvae after a 24 h fasting period on adults of frankliniella occidentalis pergande that were feeding on tomato plants at vegetative and blooming stage under glasshouse conditions. Thrips fhysanoptera are very small insects, widespread throughout the world with a preponderance of tropical species, many temperate ones, and even a few living in arctic regions. Mexico is the 10th largest producer of tomato in the world, with 4,047,171 t of fruit 1,2 worth 1666 us million dollars in the usa. Attraction effect of different colored cards on thrips frankliniella. Hanssen, moshe lapidot, in advances in virus research, 2012. Frankliniella bispinosa morgan is also known as the florida flower thrips, although this common name has not yet been accepted by. Western flower thrips, frankliniella occidentalis pergande, is a major pest of horticultural crops worldwide robb 1989, martin and workman 1994, parrella 1995, rijn et al.
Since the 1970s frankliniella occidentalis has successfully invaded many countries to become one of the most important agricultural pests of ornamental. These synonymies result from unrecognized variability in size and colour exhibited by many species. Insects free fulltext behavioral responses of western. To understand the variation in patterns of occurrence in the field, the effect of competition on the biological attributes of the 2 thrips species was assessed in the. The vector competence of frankliniella occidentalis for chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus csnv was evaluated. Categories have been assigned by the eppo secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. The western flower thrips is a major agricultural and garden pest, affecting hundreds of cultivated and weedy species. Frankliniella occidentalis an overview sciencedirect. The online version of journal of plant protection research jppr is the original one. The flower thrips frankliniella intonsa trybom is one of the most economically important.1516 590 661 1385 1398 854 663 1028 666 369 1587 1375 1195 382 901 1106 1420 174 286 579 1102 1291 893 1046 756 280 1374 538 1346 688 1009