Characteristics of african religion a supreme being. Traditional african religious beliefs and practices pew. African women are regarded as the best in terms of influence and motivation. Pdf the concept of diseases and health care in african. Ancestor spirits and their role in african traditional. The main objective of this paper is to examine african culture and values.
Varying estimates of african indigenous churches in zimbabwe can be found, ranging from 10% to 20% of the total population, in which they sometimes hold to one or. Authoring or editing more than half a dozen books on religion and african culture including the recent african religions. Omosade awolalu, in his work sin and its removal in african traditional religion writes when we speak of african traditional religion we mean the indigenous religion of the africans. A very short introduction, oxford university press, olupona has researched topics ranging from the indigenous religions of africa to the religious practices of africans who have settled in america. The role of rainmaking and its effects is therefore crucial.
A critical analysis on african traditional religion and the. Characteristics of african religion 1769 words bartleby. In fact, africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. Exploring the african traditional belief systems in. One certainly cannot speak of african religion as if it was a single, coherent set of beliefs. A lot of leaders have emerged from the african religion. This papers tries to analyse what the africans believe would happen in the afterlife. In discussing african culture and values, we are not. Even those countries on the west african coast that have had a christian presence since the 15th century still have high percentages of adherents of african religion. African indigenous religion 1989, ejizu berates scholars of african indigenous religion, who according to him, now tend to depend more on secondary sources seem unaware of the vast potentials of oral materials as well as their implications for methodology in the subject 1989. The impact of african traditional religious beliefs and. The purpose of this contribution is to examine the indigenous systems of rainmaking in kenya. Nel morality and religion in african thought 34 promises of reward.
The religious beliefs, practices and the provision of social services of these immigrant religions have impacted on the religious and cultural life of the traditional communities. John set out to refute some of the erroneous claims about african traditional religion. The versions of these religions as they developed in the new world became known as african diaspora religions. In so doing, we will engage important theoretical and methodological issues that have emerged in the study of african religions. Some have pentecostal components but some do not e. This study will reveal how africans within atr relate amongst themselves and with their ancestors. They use african traditional indigenous knowledge embedded in african religion to pray for rain by predicting, causing, redirecting, and controlling rain within their locality.
Although african traditional religion is not against a western. The continent of africa has been home to hundreds of indigenous tribes speaking a wide variety of languages and believing a wide variety of different spiritual ideas. But this may not necessarily be the modes of acquisition of moral knowledge in indigenous societies with less emphasis on instruction in verbal linguistic modes. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. The role of women in african traditional religion by john.
Indigenous knowledge is the local knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. African independent church origins, african independent. God, divinities and spirits in african traditional religious ontology rev. Indigenous knowledge systems and environmental management. Since the indigenous african religion is not a revealed religion, there is no way by which the people would have access to the will of god that contains elaborate moral principles upon. As human beings we sometimes in one way or another become sick, and therefore go for treatment depending on our choice of treatment religious perspective or western medical treatment. Gender refers to the different roles that are assigned to males and females. African people relate to or worship god through praying, singing and dancing, making sacrificial offerings, dedications and invoking blessings. African indigenous knowledge and research owusuansah. The main characteristics of african traditional religion. That is a beautiful picture of women in african society. Religion enters into every aspect of the life of the africans and it cannot be studied in isolation. African traditional religion is very pragmatic and apply to the need as it arises. It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of african religions risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all african cultures.
Pdf african traditional religions stephen zvawanda academia. African world view, all life is religionfarrington 1998. God, divinities and spirits in african traditional. Tabona shoko analyses the traditional karanga views of the causes of illness and disease, mechanisms of diagnosis at their disposal and the methods they use to restore health, shoko discusses the views of a specific african independent church of the apostolic tradition. They participate in very difficult situations within their families and communities. For example, in 14 of the 19 countries surveyed, more than threeinten people say they sometimes consult traditional healers when someone in their household is sick. The impact of african traditional religious beliefs and cultural values on. The continued influence of traditional african religion is also evident in some aspects of daily life. The zimbabweans and other africans described by hatch 1959. In five of these countriesbenin, mozambique, guineabissau, liberia, and the ivory coastafrican religion is the majority religion. The thesis examines the indigenous beliefs and practices of the black people in south africa which were suppressed by western culture and christianity. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic and traditional. The purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like to work in the context of africa. The role of women in african religion the sunday mail.
It is the religion that has been handed down from generation to generation by. An examination of terminologies used for describing the indigenous faith of african people, using an afrocentric. Its study has to go handinhand with the study of the people who practise the religion. Sex refers to a persons biological characteristics. According to allan anderson, it is the widespread belief among many african peoples that witches and sorcerers are not admitted to the spirit world, and therefore they are refused proper burial sometimes their bodies are subjected to actions that would make such burial impossible, such as burning, chopping up, and feeding them to hyenas. It is the religion which resulted from the sustaining faith held by the forebears of the present africans, and which is being practised today in various forms and. One should be aware that acquisition and construction of moral knowledge may be based on performance. One of such numerous approaches to natural resource conservation and management is the use of indigenous belief systems of taboos and totems.
Pdf there is no gainsaying in the importance of the need to study the religion of the indigenous african in theological institutions in africa. African traditional religion in a globalizing world. A person must be born in a particular african people in order to be able to follow african religion. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the african people. This is a 3hour summary lecture on the basic components of african traditional religions. The religious beliefs, practices and thehuman characteristics such as love, power, knowledge are transferred to anspeak of african traditional religion we mean the indigenous religion of the africans.
This chapter focuses on the history of religions created by african communities and which have relied primarily on the inspiration of prophets, mediums, and elders, rather than on sacred texts. African traditional medicine is the african indigenous system of health care and, therefore, cannot be an alternative. A case study of zaka district, masvingo province, zimbabwe. The people from europe, america, and asia cannot be converted to african religion as it is more removed from their geographical and cultural setting. They acknowledged the fact that africans had known god before the missionaries came ray, 1976. It reveals all the distortions about african religion by the outside researchers. Traditional african religious practices, such as owning sacred objects.
Welcome to the summary lecture of african traditional religions. The concept of diseases and health care in african. Anthropologists, colonial administrators, and missionaries dominated the study of indigenous african religions until the 1970s and relatively few studies emphasized historical approaches. The thrust of this paper is to heighten awareness, stimulate new thoughts and generate discussion on the wealth of indigenous knowledge. The traditional african religions or traditional beliefs and practices of african people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. Throughout most of africa there is belief of a supreme being, described by one or more names, either in terms of activities or place of abode. Some scholars claim that african independent churches are syncretistic in that they combine indigenous african religion with christian beliefs, but the degree to which this occurs is varying. Life after death according to several african traditions. It is for this reason that this paper argues strongly for the inclusion of indigenous ghanaian religion and culture in this fight, for they have proven to be ecobiased religion and culture due to. African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of africa. These traditional belief systems are capable of protecting biodiversity species in particular and the environment in general as long as the local communities have an interest in them. African researchers need to persist in developing and using alternative methods of studying our reality and refrain from sticking to the research pathways mapped out by western methodologies, within which many have been trained.
The role of women in african traditional religion introduction a proverb from ghana declares that. When we speak of african traditional religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the africans. A morality that is founded on religion is thus a necessary concomitant of a revealed religion. Information and information policy played an important role in that respect, and in many african countries television was completely closed to the languages of indigenous peoples. African women are also the best care givers, they have a very low rate of discrimination. Worldwide, culture, religion and sacred places have contributed to environmental management. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the african people.903 1544 754 1609 675 1066 1414 1373 1265 1110 514 1305 1023 1220 880 786 1045 1104 1464 1325 1198 389 43 691 1624 676 529 404 1016 254 1129 1277 821 877 1132 33 235 1332 942 544 448